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Analysis of mental health status and influencing factors of violent schizophrenic caregivers
Objective To explore the mental health status of violent schizophrenic caregivers and its influencing factors. Methods A total of 487 violent schizophrenics caregivers in Chongqing Mental Health Center from January 2014 to December 2016 were selected by continuous sampling. Another 479 non-violent schizophrenics caregivers with similar gender, age, education background and course of disease were selected as control and evaluated by Symptom Checklist-90( SCL-90) and Social Support Rating Scale( SSRs). Results The total score of violent schizophrenics group caregivers in SCL-90[ (176.23±54.59) vs( 167.26±63.06)], somatization[ (22.72±7.25) vs( 21.46±8.74)], obsession[ (20.67±6.36) vs( 19.65±6.93)], interpersonal sensitivity[ (18.18±6.51) vs( 17.25±6.56)], depression[ (25.79±9.08) vs( 24.45±9.68)], anxiety [(18.89±6.72) vs( 17.96±7.16)], hostility[ (11.22±4.93) vs( 10.40±4.68)], terror[ (13.05±5.62) vs (12.28±5.76)], paranoia[ (11.97±4.54) vs( 11.27±5.06)], psychosis[ (19.91±7.20) vs( 18.96±7.86)], and other[ (14.25±6.16) vs( 13.38±5.54) and objective support[ (6.11±1.84) vs( 5.85±2.11)], subjective support[ (15.39±3.75) vs( 14.85±3.75)] and support utilization[ (6.63±1.97) vs( 5.92±2.12)] were all higher than those of non-violent schizophrenia group, and the differences were statistically significant( P < 0.05). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the course of disease and subjective support had an impact on the mental health of caregivers( F=14.567, P< 0.001). Conclusions The mental health level of the violent schizophrenics caregivers is worse than that of the non-violent schizophrenics caregivers. Differences between them are affected by course of disease and subjective support.
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Abstract:
Gao Fang, Chen Junshan, Shi Zhanming, Lu Lu, Zhao Xinmin, Tang Guanglu

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